List of publications about tunnels

In this list selected publications can be found within the field of safety and security of tunnels and underground constructions.

 

2016

  • Li Y.Z., Fan C. G., Ingason H., Lönnermark A., Ji J., Effect of cross section and ventilation on heat release rates in tunnel fires, Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2016, 51, 414-423. doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2015.09.007
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., A new methodology of design fires for train carriages based on exponential curve method, Fire Technology, 2016, 52, 1449-1464. DOI: 10.1007/s10694-015-0464-3
  • Ingason H., Li Y.Z., Appel G., Lundström U., Becker C., Large scale fire tests with a Fixed Fire Fighting System (FFFS) in the Runehamar tunnel, Fire Technology, 2016, 52, 1539–1558. DOI: 10.1007/s10694-015-0479-9
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Design Fires for Tunnels with Water-Based Fire Suppression Systems, Proceedings from the Seventh International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, Montréal, Canada, March 16-18, 2016, p. 305-316.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Appel G.,  Lundström U., Modig H., Influence of Fire Suppression on Combustion Products in Tunnel Fires, , Proceedings from the Seventh International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, Montréal, Canada, March 16-18, 2016, p. 575-586.
  • Fan C. G., Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Lönnermark A., Effect of tunnel cross section on gas temperatures and heat fluxes in case of large heat release rate, Applied Thermal Engineering, 2016, 93, 405-415. DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.09.048
  • Fan C.G., Ji J., Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Sun J.H., Experimental study of sidewall effect on flame characteristics of heptane pool fires with different aspect ratios and orientations in a channel, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2016, DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2016.06.196
  • Ingason H., Appel G., Gehandler J., Li Y.Z., Nyman H., Karlsson P., Arvidson M., Lundström U., Modig H., Test Method and Performance of Fire Detection Systems in Tunnels, Proceedings from the Seventh International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, Montréal, Canada, March 16-18, 2016, p. 485-496.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Influence of ventilation on tunnel fires with and without water-based suppression systems, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2016:36, Borås, Sweden, 2016. PDF 
  • Ingason H., Li Y.Z., Bobert M., Large-scale fire tests with different types of fixed firefighting system in the Runehamar tunnel, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2016:76, PDF. Borås, Sweden, 2016.

2015

  • Li Y.Z., CFD modelling of fire development in metro carriages under different ventilation conditions, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2015:86, Borås, Sweden, 2015. PDF 
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Fire-inducted ceiling jet characteristics in tunnels under different ventilation conditions. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2015:23, Borås, Sweden, 2015 PDF.
  • Ingason H., Appel G., Gehandler J., Li Y.Z., Nyman H., Karlsson P., Arvidson M., Development of a test method for the fire detection in road tunnels. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2015:13, Borås, Sweden, 2015. PDF
  • Li Y.Z., Vylund L., Ingason H., Appel G., Influence of fire suppression on combustion products in tunnel fires. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2015:09, Borås, Sweden, 2015. PDF 
  • Ingason H., Li Y.Z., Lönnermark A., Tunnel Fire Dynamics, Springer, New York, 2015.
  • Ingason H., Li Y.Z., Lönnermark A., Runehamar tunnel fire tests, Fire Safety Journal, 2015, 71, 134-149.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., A new methodology of design fires for train carriages, Fire Technology, 2015.
  • Ji J., Fan C.G., Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Sun J.H., Experimental study of non-monotonous sidewall effect on flame characteristics and burning rate of n-heptane pool fires, Fuel, 2015, 145, 228-233.

 

2014 

  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Position of maximum ceiling temperature in a tunnel fire, Fire Technology, 2014, 50, 889–905.
  • Li Y.Z., Hertzberg T., Scaling of internal wall temperatures in enclosure fires, Journal of Fire Science, 2014. DOI: 10.1177/0734904114563482.
  • Gehandler, J., Ingason, H., Lönnermark, A., Frantzich, H., and Strömgren, M., Performance-based design of road tunnel fire safety: Proposal of new Swedish framework, Case Studies in Fire Safety, 1, 18-28, 2014.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Lönnermark A., Fire development in different scales of train carriages, in: 11th IAFSS symposium on Fire Safety Science, New Zealand, 2014.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Scaling of wood pallet fires, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2014:57, Borås, Sweden, 2014. PDF
  • Li Y.Z., Appel G., Ingason H., Nyman H., Model scale tunnel fire tests with water-based fire suppression systems, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2014:02, Borås, Sweden, 2014. PDF
  • Ingason H., Appel G., Li Y.Z., Large scale fire tests with Fixed Fire Fighting System in Runehamar tunnel, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2014:32, Borås, Sweden, 2014. PDF
  • Lönnermark, A., and Ingason, H., Proceedings from the Sixth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, Marseille, France, March 12-14, 2014, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, 2014.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., A new methodology of design fires for train carriages, Proceedings from the Sixth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security (ISTSS), Marseille, France, March 12-14, 2014.
  • Lönnermark A., Claesson A., Lindström J., Li Y. Z., Kumm M., Ingason H., Gas composition during a fire in a train carriage, Proceedings from the Sixth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security (ISTSS), Marseille, France, March 12-14, 2014.
  • Ingason H., Appel G., Li Y. Z., Lundström U., Becker C., Large scale fire tests with a Fixed Fire Fighting System (FFFS), Proceedings from the Sixth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security (ISTSS), Marseille, France, March 12-14, 2014.
  • Appel G., Ingason H., Li Y. Z., Fixed fire fighting systems impact on fire spread between vehicles in a road tunnel, Proceedings from the Sixth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security (ISTSS), Marseille, France, March 12-14, 2014

 

2013

  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Model scale tunnel fire tests with automatic sprinkler, Fire Safety Journal, 2013, 61, 298-313.
  • Li Y.Z., Lei B., Ingason H., Theoretical and Experimental Study of Critical Velocity for Smoke Control in a Tunnel Cross-Passage, Fire Technology, 2013, 49, 2, 435-449.
  • Hansen, R., and Ingason, H., Heat release rate measurements of burning mining vehicles in an underground mine, Fire Safety Journal, 61 , 12–25, 2013.
  • Lönnermark, A., and Neumann, N. T., Pulsations During Fires in Tunnels, Fire Technology, 49, 2, 551-581, 2013.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Lönnermark A., Correlations between different scales of metro carriage fire tests, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2013:13, Borås, Sweden, 2013. PDF
  • Li Y.Z., Hertzberg T., Scaling of internal wall temperatures in enclosure fires, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2013:12, Borås, Sweden, 2013. PDF
  • Ingason H., Li Y.Z., Brandt A.W., Wighus R., New challenges for the safety in submerged floating tunnels, in: Sixth Symposium on Strait Crossings – Extreme Crossings and New Technologies, Norwegian Public Roads Administration, 16-19 June, 2013, Bergen, Norway, pp. 850-861.  

 2012

  • Ingason, H., and Lönnermark, A., Heat Release Rates in Tunnel Fires : A Summary. In: The Handbook of Tunnel Fire Safety, 2nd edition (A. Beard and R. Carvel, Eds.), ICE Publishing, London, 2012.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., The maximum ceiling gas temperature in a large tunnel fire, Fire Safety Journal, 2012, 48, 38-48.
  • Li Y.Z., Lei B., Ingason H., Scale Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Smoke Control for Rescue Stations in Long Railway Tunnels, Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 2012, 22(2), 101-131. (Award paper)
  • Ingason H., Lönnermark A., Li Y.Z., Model of ventilation flows during large tunnel fires, Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2012, 30, 64-73.
  • Nyman, H., and Ingason, H., Temperature stratification in tunnels, Fire Safety Journal, 48, 30 - 37, 2012.
  • Hansen, R., and Ingason, H., Heat release rates of multiple objects at varying distances, Fire Safety Journal, 52, 1 - 10, 2012.
  • Lönnermark A., Lindström J., Li Y.Z., Claesson A., Ingason H., Full-scale fire tests with a commuter train in a tunnel, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2012:05, Borås, Sweden, 2012. PDF
  • Lönnermark, A., Ingason, H., Claesson, A., Lindström, J., Li, Y.Z., Kumm, M.: Laboratory fire experiments with a 1/3 train carriage mockup, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2012:06, Borås, Sweden, 2012. PDF
  • Ingason, H., Kumm, M., Nilsson, D., Lönnermark, A., Claesson, A., Li, Y. Z., Fridolf, K., Åkerstedt, R., Nyman, H., Dittmer, T., Forsén, R., Janzon, B., Meyer, G., Bryntse, A., Carlberg, T., Newlove-Eriksson. L., Palm, A., The METRO project - Final report, SiST 2012:8, Västerås: School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology, Mälardalen University, 2012.
  • Li Y.Z., Hjohlman M., Validation of the numerical tools developed in tasks 5.1 and 5.2: FDS simulation of real scale test 2B using prescribed fire source, Report for Transport Fire Safety Engineering in the European Union (TRANSFEU) WP5 – Development of numerical simulation tools for fire performance, evacuation of people and decision tool for the train design, 2012.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Automatic sprinkler system in tunnel fires, In: 5th International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security (ISTSS), New York, 2012, pp. 113-122.
  • Ingason H., Li Y.Z., New concept for design fires in tunnels, In: 5th International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, New York, 2012 pp. 603-612.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Lönnermark A., Numerical simulation of Runehamar tunnel fire tests, In: 6th International Conference on Tunnel safety and Ventilation, Graz, Austria, 2012, pp. 203-210.
  • Lönnermark A., Lindström J., Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Large-scale commuter train fire tests - Results from the METRO project, In: 5th International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security (ISTSS), New York, 2012, pp. 447-456.
  • Lönnermark A., Lindström J., Li Y.Z., Model Scale Metro Carriage Fire Tests - Influence of Material and Fire Load, in: 2nd International Conference on Fires in Vehicles, Chicago, USA, 27-28 September, 2012, pp 159-169.
  • Andersson, J., and Lönnermark, A., External conditions have a significant impact on the air flow in tunnels using transverse ventilation for smoke extraction, Proceedings from the Fifth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, 319-327, New York, USA, 14-16 March, 2012.

2011

  • Li Y.Z., Lei B., Ingason H., The maximum temperature of buoyancy-driven smoke flow beneath the ceiling in tunnel fires, Fire Safety Journal, 2011, 46, 204-210.
  • Ingason H., Li Y.Z., Model scale tunnel fire tests with point extraction ventilation, Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 2011, 21(1), 5-36.
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., The fire growth rate in a ventilated tunnel fire, in: 10th IAFSS symposium on Fire Safety Science, Maryland, USA, 2011, pp. 347-358. (Award paper)
  • INGASON, H., and Lönnermark, A., "Fire Spread between Industrial Premises", Tenth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science (IAFSS), Virgina, USA, 20-24 of June 2011.
  • Hansen, R., and INGASON, H., An Engineering tool to calculate heat release rates of multiple objects in underground structures, Fire Safety Journal, 46, 4, 194-203, 2011.
  • Ingason H., Lönnermark A., Li Y. Z., Runehamar tunnel fire tests, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2011:55, Borås, Sweden, 2011. PDF
  • Lönnermark A., Lindström J., Li Y. Z., Model-scale metro car fire tests, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2011:33, Borås, Sweden, 2011. PDF
  • Li Y. Z., Ingason H., Model scale tunnel fire tests with automatic water spray system, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 2011:31, Borås, Sweden, 2011. PDF
  • Li Y.Z., Ingason H., Lönnermark A., Effect of longitudinal ventilation on fire growth rate and flame height in a tunnel fire, In: 14th International Symposium on Aerodynamics and Ventilation of Tunnels, BHR Group, Dundee, Scotland, UK, May, 2011, pp. 375-385.

2010 

  • INGASON, H & hAMMARSTRÖM, R. Fire test with a front wheel loader rubber tire
    SP Rapport 2010:64. PDF
  • INGASON, H. & LI, Y. Z. 2010. Model scale tunnel fire tests with longitudinal ventilation. Fire Safety Journal, 45, 371-384.
  • LI, Y. Z., LEI, B. & INGASON, H. 2010. Study of critical velocity and backlayering length in longitudinally ventilated tunnel fires. Fire Safety Journal, 45, 361 - 370.
  • LI, Y. Z. & INGASON, H. 2010. Maximum Temperature beneath Ceiling in a Tunnel Fire. SP Report 2010:51. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden. PDF.
  • LÖNNERMARK, A. Year. New Energy Carriers in Tunnels. In: LÖNNERMARK, A. & INGASON, H., eds. Proceedings from the Fourth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, 17-19 March 2010 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, pp 31-46.
  • INGASON, H. & LI, Y. Z. 2010. Model Scale Tunnel Fire Tests- Point extraction ventilation, SP Report 2010:03. Borsås, Sweden: SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden. PDF.
  • KIM, H. K., LÖNNERMARK, A. & INGASON, H. 2010. Effective Firefighting Operations in Road Tunnels. SP Report 2010:10. Borås, Sweden: SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden. PDF.
  • INGASON, H. & LÖNNERMARK, A. Year. Effects of longitudinal ventilation on fire growth and maximum heat release rate. In: LÖNNERMARK, A. & INGASON, H., eds. Proceedings from the Fourth International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, 17-19 March 2010 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. SP Technical research Instute of Sweden, pp 395-406.
  • INGASON, H. & LI, Y. Z. 2010. Model Scale Tunnel Fire Tests with Point Extraction Ventilation. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, Tentatively scheduled to appear in Vol. 21.

 

2009

  • INGASON, H., FRANTZCIH, H., LAVAL, S. D. & DARAM, L. 2009. Funktionsbaserad design för tunnlar med avseende på säkerhet - Förstudie. SP Rapport 2009:51. SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. PDF.
  • INGASON, H. 2009. Design fire curves in tunnels. fire Safety Journal, 44, 259-265.
  • LÖNNERMARK, A. & INGASON, H. The Safety and Security of Underground Hubs as an Emerging Risks Representative. In:  SRA-Europe Conference, 28 June - 1 July 2009 Karlstad, Sweden. SRA-Europe, p 53.
  • HØJ, N.-P., APPEL, K., INGASON, H., ANDERBERG, Y. & OPSTAD, K. 2009. NordFoU samarbetet - Utvärdering av EU-projekt  om vägtunnelsäkerhet, Report nr. H-SE-011 (in Swedish).

2008 

  • LÖNNERMARK, A., KRISTENSSON, P., HELLTEGEN, M. & BOBERT, M. Year. Fire suppression and structure protection for cargo train tunnels: Macadam and HotFoam. In: LÖNNERMARK, A. & INGASON, H., eds. 3rd International Symposium on Safety and Security in Tunnels (ISTSS 2008), 12-14 March 2008 Stockholm, Sweden. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, 217-228.
  • LÖNNERMARK, A. & INGASON, H. Year. The Effect of Air Velocity on Heat Release Rate and Fire Development during Fires in Tunnels. In:  9th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, 21-26 September 2008 Karlsruhe, Germany. IAFSS, pp 701-712.
  • LÖNNERMARK, A. & INGASON, H. Year. The Influence of Tunnel Cross Section on Temperatures and Fire Development. In: LÖNNERMARK, A. & INGASON, H., eds. 3rd International Symposium on Safety and Security in Tunnels (ISTSS 2008), 12-14 March 2008 Stockholm, Sweden. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, 149-161.
  • LÖNNERMARK, A., HEDEKVIST, P. O. & INGASON, H. 2008. Gas temperature measurements using fibre Bragg grating during fire experiments in a tunnel. Fire Safety Journal, 43, 119-126.
  • KIM, H. K., LÖNNERMARK, A. & INGASON, H. Year. Comparison of Road Tunnel Design Guidelines. In: LÖNNERMARK, A. & INGASON, H., eds. 3rd International Symposium on Safety and Security in Tunnels (ISTSS 2008), 12-14 March 2008 Stockholm, Sweden. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, 95-106.
  • INGASON, H. Year. Magic Numbers in Tunnel Fire Safety. In: INGASON, L. A., ed. 3rd Internationan Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, 2008 Stockholm.
  • LÖNNERMARK, A., LETALIK, D., LARSSON, H. & INGASON, H. 2008. Measurement with Laser Radar during Fire Experiments in a Tunnel. Borås, Sweden: SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
  • Lönnermark, Anders, Persson, Henry, Blomqvist, Per, Hogland, William "Biobränslen och avfall - Brandsäkerhet i samband med lagring", SP Rapport 2008:51, PDF.
  • Lönnermark, Anders, Ingason, Haukur, Letalick, Dietmar, Larsson, Håkan "Measurements with Laser Radar during Fire Experiments in a Tunnel", SP Rapport 2008:35, PDF
  • Proceedings from the third International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security
    SP Rapport 2008:11, PDF.

2007 

  • Kim, H. K., Lönnermark, A., and Ingason, H., "Comparison and Review of Safety Design Guidelines for Road Tunnels", SP Swedish National Testing and Research Instititue, SP report 2007:08, PDF.

  • Carlsson, Anna-Karin, Wadman, Charlotta, Lönnermark, Anders, Ingason, Haukur "Visualization of Measurement Data from Tunnel Fire", SP Rapport 2007:07, PDF.

2006 

  • ADDIN EN.REFLIST 1.         Lönnermark, A., and Ingason, H., "Fire Spread and Flame Length in Large-Scale Tunnel Fires", Fire Technology, 42, 4, 283-302, 2006.

  • Lönnermark, A., Persson, B., and Ingason, H., "Pulsations during Large-Scale Fire Tests in the Runehamar Tunnel", Fire Safety Journal, 41, 377-389, 2006.

  • Ingason, H., and Seco, F., "Parametric study of the efficiency of extraction system combined with a longitudinal ventilation - A numerical study using a model tunnel", Swedish National Testing and Research Institute, 2006.

  • Ingason, H., "Fire Testing in Road and Railway Tunnels". In Flammability testing of materials used in construction, transport and mining (V. Apted, Ed.), Woodhead Publishing, 231-274, 2006.

  • Ingason, H., "Modelling of Real World Fire Data", 2nd International Symposium on Tunnel Safety & Security (ISTSS), 7-13, March 15-17, 2006 Madrid, Spain, 2006.

  • Ingason, H., and Wickström, U., "The internationa FORUM of fire research directors: A position paper on future actions for improving road tunnel fire safety", Fire Safety Journal, 41, 111-114, 2006.

  • Ingason, H., "Fire growth rate is more important than maximum heat release rate in tunnel fires", In Tunnel Management International, 2006.

  • Lönnermark, A., "Characteristics of Fires in Tunnels", 2nd International Symposium on Tunnel Safety & Security, 41-47, Madrid, Spain, 15-17 March, 2006.

  • Lönnermark, A., and Blomqvist, P., "Emissions from an Automobile Fire", Chemosphere, 62, 1043-1056, 2006.

  • Anders Lönnermark, Håkan Stripple och Per Blomqvist "Modellering av emissioner från bränder", SP Rapport 2006:53, PDF

2005

  • Lönnermark, A., "On the Characteristics of Fires in Tunnels", Doctoral Thesis, Department of Fire Safety Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, 2005. PDF.
  • Ingason, H. and Lönnermark, A., "Heat Release Rates from Heavy Goods Vehicle Trailers in Tunnels", Fire Safety Journal, 40, 646-668, 2005.
  • Ingason, H., "Fire Development in Large Tunnel Fires", 8th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, Beijing, China, 18-23 September, 2005.
  • Lönnermark, A. and Ingason, H., "Acoustic Considerations Regarding Pulsations during Large-Scale Fire Tests in a Tunnel", 8th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, Beijing, China, 18-23 September, 2005.
  • Lönnermark, A. and Ingason, H., "Gas Temperatures in Heavy Goods Vehicle Fires in Tunnels", Fire Safety Journal, 40, 506-527, 2005.
  • Ingason, H., "Fire Dynamics in Tunnels". In The Handbook of Tunnel Fire Safety (R. O. Carvel and A. N. Beard, Eds.), Thomas Telford Publishing, 231-266, London, 2005.
  • Ingason, H., Bergqvist, A., Lönnermark, A., Frantzich, H., and Hasselrot, K., "Räddningsinsatser i vägtunnlar", Räddningsverket, P21-459/05 (in Swedish), 2005. PDF
  • Boström, L., "Methodology for Measurement of Spalling of Concrete", Fire and Materials 2005, 121-129, Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco, USA, 31 Jan. - 1 Feb., 2005.

2004

  • Ingason, H. and Lönnermark, A., "Brandbelastning och brandscenarier för järnvägstunnlar", SP Sveriges- Provnings och Forskningsinstitut, SP Arbetsrapport 2004:30, Borås (in Swedish), 2004. PDF. 
  • Ingason, H. and Lönnermark, A., "Brandbelastning och brandscenarier för vägtunnlar", SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Arbetsrapport 2004:32, Borås (in Swedish), 2004. PDF.
  • Lönnermark, A. and Ingason, H., "Recent Achievements Regarding Heat Release and Temperatures during Fires in Tunnels", Safety in Infrastructure - Svédületes!, Budapest, Hungary, 20-21 October 2004, 2004.
  • Ingason, H. and Lönnermark, A., "Fire development of Large Vehicles in Road Tunnels", Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Tunnel fires, 203-212, London, UK, 25-27 October, 2004.
  • Ingason, H. and Lönnermark, A., "Large-scale fire tests in the Runehamar Tunnel", Tunnelling & Trenchless Construction, October, 5, 24-26, 2004.
  • Ingason, H. and Lönnermark, A., "Make the HGV freight compartments safer", Tunnel Management International, 7, 3, 43-46, 2004.
  • Lönnermark, A. and Ingason, H., "Fires in Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) Cargos in Tunnels", 10th International Fire Science & Engineering Conference (Interflam 2004), 1529-1540, Edinburgh, Scotland, 5-7 July, 2004.
  • Boström, L. and Jansson, R., "Spalling of Concrete for Tunnels", Interflam 2004, 189-197, Edinburgh, Scotland, 5-7 July, 2004.
  • Ingason, H., Arvidson, M., Lönnermark, A., and Boström, L., "Brandsäkerhet i tunnlar - nya kunskapsrön", Bygg & teknik, 6/04 (in Swedish), 2004.
  • Ingason, H. and Lönnermark, A., "Recent Achievements Regarding Measuring of Time-heat and Time-temperature Development in Tunnels", 1st International Symposium on Safe & Reliable Tunnels, Prague, Czech Republic, 4-6 February, 2004.
  • Ingason, H., Ed. "Proceedings of the International Symposium on Catastrophic Tunnel Fires," SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Borås, Sweden, 2004.

2003

  • Arvidson, M., "Alternative Fire Sprinkler Systems for Roadway Tunnels", Proceedings of the International Symposium on Catastrophic Tunnel Fires, p193-201, Borås, Sweden, 20-21 November, 2003.
  • Lönnermark, A. and Ingason, H., "Large Scale Fire Tests in the Runehamar Tunnel - Gas Temperature and Radiation", International Symposium on Catastrophic Tunnel Fires (CTF), SP Report 2004:05, p. 93-103, Borås, Sweden, 20-21 November, 2003.
  • Ingason, H. and Lönnermark, A., "Large-scale Fire Tests in the Runehamar tunnel - Heat Release Rate (HRR)", International Symposium on Catastrophic Tunnel Fires (CTF), SP Report 2004:05, p81-92 Borås, Sweden, 20-21 November, 2003.
  • Boström, L., "Spalling of Tunnel Structure Linings - New Swedish Results", International Symposium on Catastrophic Tunnel Fires (CTF), 69-79, Borås, Sweden, 2003.
  • Ingason, H., "Fire Development in Catastrophic Tunnel Fires (CTF)", International Symposium on Catastrophic Tunnel Fires (CTF), 31-47, Borås, Sweden, 20-21 November, 2003.

2002

  • Ingason, H. and Wahlström, B., "Trial of mobile fan for smoke ventilation in a railway tunnel", Fourth International Conference on Tunnel Fires, 151 - 160, Basel, Switzerland, 2-4 December, 2002.

2001

  • Ingason, H., "An Overview of Vehicle Fires in Tunnels", Fourth International Conference on Safety in Road and Rail Tunnels, p. 425 - 434, Madrid, Spain, 2-6 April, 2001.
  • Bergqvist, A., Frantzich, H., Hasselrot, K., and Ingason, H., "Räddningsinsatser vid tunnelbränder - Probleminventering och miljöbeskrivning vid brand i spårtunnel", Räddningsverket, SRV rapport P21-391/01, Karlstad (in Swedish), 2001.

1999

  • Ingason, H., Hägglund, B., and Werling, P., "Effects of Ventilation on Smoke Spread in Tunnels", International Conference on Tunnel Fires and Escape from Tunnels, 407-416, Lyon, France, 5-7 May, 1999.
  • Arvidson, M., "Fixed Fire suppression System Concepts for Highway Tunnels", International Conference on Tunnel Fires and Escape from Tunnels, 129-136, Lyon, France, 5-7 May, 1999.
  • Ingason, H. and Werling, P., "Experimental Study of Smoke Evacuation in a Model Tunnel", FOA Defence Research Establishment, FOA-R--99-01267-311--SE, Tumba, Sweden, 1999.
  • Ingason, H., and Persson, B., "Prediction of Optical Density using CFD", Fire Safety Science - Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium, 817-828, Poitiers, 1999.

1998

  • Ingason, H. and Persson, B., "Prediction of Visibilty in Tunnel Fires", Third International Conference on Safety in Road and Rail Tunnels, 151-158, Nice, France, 9-11 March, 1998.

1997

  • Ingason, H., Nireus, K., and Werling, P., "Fire Tests in a Blasted Rock Tunnel", FOA, Report FOA-R-97-00581-990-SE, Sweden, 1997.

1995

  • Ingason, H., "Fire Experiments in a Model Tunnel using Pool Fires - Experimental Data", SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP AR 1995:52, Borås, Sweden, 1995.
  • Ingason, H., "Effects of Ventilation on Heat Release Rate of Pool Fires in a Model Tunnel", SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP REPORT 1995:55, PDF, Borås, Sweden, 1995.
  • Ingason, H., Gustavsson, S., and Werling, P., "Brandförsök i en bergtunnel - Naturlig ventilation", SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP AR 1995:44, Borås (in Swedish), 1995.
  • Ingason, H., Gustavsson, S., and Werling, P., "Brandförsök i en bergtunnel - Naturlig ventilation Delrapport II", SP Swedish National Testing and Research Institue, SP AR 1995:45, Borås (in Swedish), 1995.
  • Ingason, H., "Heat Release Rate Measurements in Tunnel Fires", Second International Conference on Safety in Road and Rail Tunnels, 261-268, Granada, Spain, 3-6 April, 1995.
  • Ingason, H., "Design Fires in Tunnels", Conference Proceedings of Asiaflam 95, 77-86, Hong Kong, 15-16 March, 1995.

1994

  • Ivarson, E., Ed. "Proceedings of the International Conference on Fires in Tunnels," SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Borås, Sweden, 1994.
  • Ingason, H., "Heat Release Rate Measurements in Tunnel Fires", International Conference on Fires in Tunnels, 86-103, Borås, Sweden, October 10-11, 1994, 1994.
  • Ingason, H., "Small Scale Test of a Road Tanker Fire", International Conference on Fires in Tunnels, pp. 238-248, Borås, Sweden, October 10-11, 1994, 1994.
  • Ingason, H., Gustavsson, S., and Dahlberg, M., "Heat Release Rate Measurements in Tunnel Fires", SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, SP Report 1994:08, PDF, Borås, Sweden, 1994.

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Phone: +46 10 516 51 97

Anders Lönnermark

Phone: +46 10 516 56 91

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Phone 010-516 50 00, E-mail info@ri.se

The RISE institutes SP, Innventia and Swedish ICT have merged in order to become a stronger research and innovation partner for businesses and society.
During 2017 sp.se will be one of several websites within RISE. Please visit ri.se for more information about RISE.

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