HelmetsA common feature of all types of helmets is that they must protect the head against blows and distribute the forces applied to the helmet in the event of an accident. In addition to good performance in an accident, and a long life in normal use, helmets must remain safely in position during an accident. They must therefore also have an effective and durable system of straps.
Helmets must in general be designed so as not to present any unnecessary risks. This means that rivets, other fastening devices, edges, ventilation openings etc. must not be potential sources of injury. The weight must also be as low as possible - particularly for helmets intended to be worn for long periods -, fit must be good and helmets must feel comfortable.
Environmental requirements for helmets state that they must withstand wet conditions, high and low temperatures, and the effects of solar UV radiation.
SP has many year's experience of testing helmets and is also actively taking part in national, European and international standardization work. Testing can be performed in accordance with several national, European and international standards for different types of helmets, or in accordance with the client's own performance requirements.
SP is "one-stop-shop" fo testing and certification of helmets.
SP is today accredited for testing and certification in accordance with the following standards:
EN 397 Industtrial safety helmets
Special tests can also be performed in accordance with other standards, or with the client's own test specifications.
EN 443 Fire protection helmets
EN 812 Industrial bump caps
EN 966 Helmets for airborne sport
EN 1077 Ski helmets
EN 1078 Bicycle helmets
EN 1080 Impact protection helmets for young children
EN 1384 Equestrial helmets
EN 1385 Helmets for canoeing and whitewater sports
EN ISO 10256 Head and face protection for use in ice hockey
IS 355 Hurlng helmets
ECE R22 Helmets for drivers of motorcycles and mopeds
SPCR 011 Head protectors for floorball goalkeepers
In addition, since 1994, SP has been a Notified Body entitled to perform and certify tests for CE-marking. SP's registration number as a Notified Body is 0402. CE-marking indicates that a helmet fulfils the requirements in the EEC Directive, 89/686/EEC. As this is a mandatory directive, helmets must be CE-marked if they are to be sold anywhere in Europe.
Certification for CE-marking consists of type testing. In many fields, there is a wish to complement type testing with manufacturer's inspection, which provides additional assurance for the purchaser that manufacture is continuously monitored by a third party. SP can provide this through SP certification, which allows the manufacturer to P-mark the products. In addition to the type approval required for CE-marking, this certification particularly indicates that the manufacturer has entered into an agreement on continuous inspection surveillance with SP.