Sports Surfaces

SP has the largest national resource for testing of sports surfaces. We cover surface characteristics and mechanical properties as well as fire tests and chemical analysis of surfaces.
What is Classified as a Sports Surface?

There are a variety of surfaces which are classified as sports surfaces:

• Sports surfaces for sports centres and gymnasiums
• Sports surfaces for athletics, both indoor and outdoor use
• Artificial grass for both elite football and lower divisions/training pitches
• Sports and gymnastics mats
• Floor surfaces for aerobics
• Synthetic surfaces for tennis and multisport (outdoor). 

Sports Floors, Indoor
Sportgolv, inomhus
 

SP performs tests according to the specification EN 14904 which is the basis for CE marking. The standard specifies the requirements for surfaces for multi-sports use for indoor installations. It covers the entire floor system including the underlying design both prefabricated and constructions built on-site, or a combination thereof. 
 

Sports Surfaces, Indoor and Outdoor
Sportbeläggningar, inom- och utomhus
 

SP performs tests according to the specification EN 14877 The standard specifies the requirements for synthetic surfaces, both built on-site and prefabricated, for outdoor installations. It covers synthetic surfaces for the following applications: athletics, tennis and multi-sports. 
 

 

Artificial Turf, for Elite Football and Lower Divisions/Training Pitches, etc 
Konstgräs, elit- och breddfotboll mm.
 

SP performs testing of artificial turf according to the specification EN 15330, the "FIFA Quality Concept for Football Turf" as well as the “Nordic Test Certificate”. The majority of the tests are performed as a field test, test on site. There are a few tests performed in the laboratory. The specification covers synthetic turf coverings for the following applications, football, tennis and multi-sports.  

 

Analysis, etc. 
Analyser mm.
 

SP performs chemical analysis on artificial turf material. Analysis performed are for example leaching and total content of metals (for example lead and zinc), phthalates, phenols and PAHs.
We have long extensive experience in measuring chemical substances that dissipate into the air, something that we can perform for this kind of materials. Other measurements of air quality is analysis of dust and odour.

 

Fire Tests 
Brandprovningar
 

SP performs Euro classification for floor coverings according to EN 13501-1. Two fire test standards are  used to test floorings.
 
• EN ISO 9239-1 -  Determination of the burning behaviour using a radiant heat source
• EN ISO 11925-2 -  Ignitability of building products subjected to direct impingement of a single flame 

 

Playgrounds, Fall Protection  
Lekplatser, fallskydd
 

SP performs tests on shock absorbing surfaces for playgrounds according to EN 1177 The Standard covers, not only, aggregates such as sand, gravel, bark, but also shock-absorbing tiles and pads. During the test a Head Injury Criterion (HIC) is determined.
 
Municipalities now require that landscaping companies who construct playgrounds can show that the dampening ability of the surface is tested and meets the requirements.  

 

Mechanical Comfort of Floor Coverings
Mekanisk komfort hos golv
 

The mechanical comfort of floors in public areas was made aware in recent years. A floor that is too rigid, in places where you stand and walk long shifts can lead to pain and discomfort in the feet, knees, hips and back.
SP can perform measurements of shock absorption, deformation, friction, etc., and thus determine the mechanical comfort of a floor. These measurements can be performed at SP as well as on site. 

 

Accreditation

SP's accreditation is a formal recognition that we are competent to perform specific tests, measurements, certifications, etc. The accreditation makes it easy for the manufacturer to receive international acceptance for the results from SP.


 
Examples of accredited tests

Ball roll - EN 12234 Bulk density - EN 13041
Fire test - EN 13501-1 Angled ball bounce - EN 13865
Vertical deformation - EN 14809 Shock absorption - EN 14808
Tensile strength - EN 12230 Thickness of layer - EN 1969
Formaldehyde emission - EN 717-1 Tuft leg length - ISO 2549
Friction (slip) - EN 13036-4 Number of tufts per area - ISO 1763
Evenness -EN 13036-7 Water infiltration - EN 12616
Particle shape - EN 14955 Vertical ball bounce - EN 12235
Particel size distribution EN 933-1 Grammage - ISO 8543
Rotation resistance - EN 15301-1  

 

Example of other tests

Leach water analysis PAH content
Odour PCP content
HIC-test Resistance to rolling load
Resistance to indentation Specular gloss
Slope / levelling  

Related Information

Services

Building and ConstructionFlooring Materials Plastics and rubbers

Technical Areas

Chemistry, Materials and Surfaces

Contact Persons

Ingvar Demker

Phone: +46 10 516 53 08

Lars-Åke Henriksson

Phone: +46 10 516 53 21

SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Box 857, SE-501 15 Borås Phone +46 10-516 50 00, E-mail info@sp.se