Toys must not be designed or made so that they present a risk to the user's or other persons' health or safety. The EU's Safety of Toys Directive therefore specifies important safety requirements that toys must fulfil, setting out mechanical properties, noise levels, flammability and the presence of toxic heavy metals. There are also standards for the safety of electrical toys.

CE-marking/Regulatory requirements

   Manufacturers or retailers must ensure that their products comply with the requirements of the directive, and certify this by marking the product with the CE-symbol.

Ackredited methods

SP performs test in accordance with the Safety of Toys Directive, EN 71 and American standard ASTM F963.

One stop shopping

SP has substantial experience of all areas covered by the EU Safety of Toys Directive. This means that we can help manufacturers and importers to select the necessary testing, and then to perform the tests.

SP can also assist with preparation of the technical documentation that is needed for CE-marking.


This is a quality symbol. Quality is assured through surveillance inspection of  manufacturing inspection, and through purchase and testing of products on the market.






The following is a brief list of the contents of the various sections.

Test methods
EN 71-1 Mechanical and physical properties and acoustics
Toys must not cause cuts, trapping of body parts, suffocation, eye damage, hearing damage etc. They are therefore tested for sharp edges and points, strength, stability, loose parts and noise level.
See example of dynamic test of a tricycle where the requirement is that the cycle is ready to run against an edge three times in 2m/s and a weight of 50 kg for children over 3 years and 25 kg for children under 3 years.

EN 71-2 Flammability
Toys must not present a risk of fire in a child's vicinity. Toys that are flammable (cuddly toys, tents, clothing, false beards etc.) are tested by application of a gas flame equivalent to the flame from a candle or a cigarette lighter. If the toy ignites, the fire must not spread rapidly along the surface. 

EN 71-3 Specification for migration of certain elements
Toys must not release toxic substances. They are tested by scraping and leaching material from accessible parts, and analysing the amount of leached metals in the solution.

EN 62115 Safety of electrical toys
Toys containing a power source must not cause 'electrical damage'. 

Includes testing of toys for the American market. Some of the performance levels differ compared with EN 71-1.

Related Information


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Business Areas

RISE Bioscience and Materials


See also

Enterprise Europe NetworkDokumentet öppnas i ett nytt fönster

Contact Persons

Henrik Andersson

Phone: +46 10 516 55 74

Joachim Stadig

Phone: +46 10 516 54 29

Karin Engelhart

Phone: +46 10 516 52 83

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Phone 010-516 50 00, E-mail

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