Safety requirements for protection against accidents in private cars, goods vehicles and buses are set out in ECE R17 and EU Directive 74/408/EEC. In addition to basic strength requirements, seats must not compound any injuries through sharp edges or hard, non-yielding materials etc.
Tests on seats in private cars include the strength of the seat back and the effectiveness of the head restraints, tested by mechanical loading. Seatback locks are tested by dynamic crash tests: the seat back must not tip forward during the crash, and the seat mountings must not fail.
RISE tests vehicle seats in accordance with ECE R17 and Directive 74/408/EEC.
Seat belt anchorages
The requirements applicable to vehicle seat belt anchorages relate to their positions and strength. Anchorages must be correctly positioned in order to be sure that anyone in the seat is safely restrained in the event of a collision.
RISE tests seat belt anchorages in accordance with ECE R14 and Directive 76/115/EEC.