Fire and the environmentFire Research has long experience in the field of fire and the environment. Over the years, for example, much research has been carried out within the field of emissions from fires. This has included literature studies, advanced calculations and large scale tests.
At the section of Fire Dynamics, we have opportunities to build large-scale experimental setups in our test hall and in this way the geometry and conditions in real fires can be simulated. The large hood linked to an industry calorimeter also allows the smoke to be collected and analyzed at the measuring station installed in the duct from the hood. A good example is the project TOXFIRE where large-scale fire tests with chemicals were carried out.
In recent years, many real cases have been identified where contaminated run-off water from fires have been released into rivers and lakes. This can be a major problem and knowledge needs to be increased in this field. In connection to large-scale firefighting tests in the test hall run-off water can be collected under controlled conditions and analyzed. At the same time, the gases are analyzed and in this way a good view is obtained of the emissions that can be expected from a particular type of fire. The developed method for the classification of commodities may be an appropriate method to study emissions from fires during extinction. The results from the gas and water analysis in the context of emissions from fires can provide information that is necessary for the description of the risks of various types of activities or the development of environmental impact assessments.
Which layout is appropriate and what tests should be implemented depends on the type of situation to be simulated and what the purpose of the investigation is. For more information on fire tests with the analysis of emissions, contact Anders Lönnermark.