Fire Safety EngineeringFire Research offers a wide range of services in this area, ranging from developing performance-based codes, advanced calculations and modelling, performing independent third party reviews and offering ad-hoc testing for non-standard fire and evacuation situations. We are experienced in applying these for a wide range of different object types, including buildings, tunnels and underground facilities, ships as well as vehicles and transport.
Changing societal needs and greater knowledge of the risks associated with fire have led to a paradigm shift in many countries. Goal-orientated regulations make Fire Safety Engineering (FSE) possible where the specific fire risks are assessed for specific objects. This also calls for new tools to ensure quality so that we reach the ultimate objective, a fire safe society. Fire Research takes a leading position in the field of fire safety engineering, developing performance-based codes and standards, advanced calculations and modelling, performing independent third party reviews, and offering ad-hoc testing for non-standard fire situations.
Fire safety engineering allows us to address fire risks using engineering methods based on scientific principles. Typically, fire safety engineering methods are used when it is necessary to deviate from prescriptive regulations, analyze or manage the specific fire risk for a certain object. In recent decades, several countries have adopted this approach by introducing performance-based codes.
With expertise in the field of regulations and standards, we are heavily involved in the development of the next generation of performance-based fire safety codes. Performance-based codes are great tools to clearly state the objective of fire safety, but must also be complemented by performance-levels and verification methods. Often, this may efficiently be achieved by a mix of simple rule-of-thumb regulations and advanced design options and methods to manage complex fire situations.
Independent third party review
Quality and compliance are of specific important when adopting fire safety engineering solutions. Experience in countries adopting performance-based methods reveals that review and control procedures are of increasing importance when using fire safety engineering. Methods are often used to optimize the fire safety design towards a specific goal, e.g., to comply with regulations or to reach a specific objective, such as increased property protection. It is important to ensure that the results are valid and that uncertainties are managed. As an independent organization, Fire Research offers third party reviews of fire safety design, fire safety strategies or specific fire safety solutions.
Calculations and simulations
We are skilled in calculations, such as CFD- and evacuation modeling, and performing structural fire safety analysis, e.g., by using finite-element methods. With our testing facilities and great experience in this area, we may also perform advanced testing to verify and validate design and models. For example, in some cases it may be possible to perform smaller-scale tests to validate a model that may be used to simulate a realistic fire scenario.
We have a 256-core cluster that enables us to perform several parallel large simulations, see more information about our CFD services.
New situations arise when looking at the fire risk problem from a new perspective. Fire safety engineering looks at the core problem, identifying the risks associated to the specific situation. Therefore, fire classes and performance declarations adapted to prescriptive systems sometimes may be of limited use. The applied design fires may be causing a lower stress of fire compartmentations or may lead to the need of a higher protection due to increased risks. With a long experience of advanced experimental fire testing, Fire Research offers custom-made experiments to simulate the actual design conditions. In addition, Fire Research may conduct elaborate evacuation experiments in order to verify the performance of a proposed design, independent of whether that design relates to a specific detail or an overall safety concept.